Pozières British Cemetery

Details

Pozières is a village some 6 kilometres north-east of Albert, and the Cemetery, which is enclosed by the Pozières Memorial, is a little south-west of the village on the north side of the main road, D929, from Albert to Pozières.

The village of Pozières was attacked on 23 July 1916 by the 1st Australian and 48th (South Midland) Divisions and was taken on the following day. It was lost on 24-25 March 1918, during the great German advance, and recaptured by the 17th Division on the following 24 August. Plot II of Pozières British Cemetery contains the original burials of 1916, 1917 and 1918, carried out by fighting units and field ambulances. The remaining plots were made after the Armistice when graves were brought in from the battlefields immediately surrounding the cemetery, the majority of them of soldiers who died in the Autumn of 1916, but a few represent the fighting in August 1918. There are now 2,756 Commonwealth servicemen buried or commemorated in this cemetery. 1,376 of the burials are unidentified but there are special memorials to 23 casualties known or believed to be buried among them.

The cemetery is enclosed by the Pozières Memorial, which relates to the period of crisis in March and April 1918 when the Allied Fifth Army was driven back by overwhelming numbers across the former Somme battlefields, and the months that followed before the Advance to Victory, which began on 8 August 1918. The Memorial commemorates over 14,000 casualties of the United Kingdom and 300 of the South African Forces who have no known grave and who died in France during the Fifth Army area retreat on the Somme from 21 March to 7 August 1918. The Corps and Regiments most largely represented are The Rifle Brigade with over 600 names, The Durham Light Infantry with approximately 600 names, the Machine Gun Corps with over 500, The Manchester Regiment with approximately 500 and The Royal Horse and Royal Field Artillery with over 400 names.

The cemetery and memorial were designed by W H Cowlishaw.

Number of burials by Unit

Australian
460
Canadian
151
Royal Warwickshire Regt
61
Ox and Bucks Light Inf
60
Royal Field Artillery
53
Royal Fusiliers – City of London Regt
52
Gloucestershire Regt
47
Worcestershire Regt
33
Bedfordshire Regt
28
Loyal North Lancs Regt
27
Royal Garrison Artillery
26
Royal Berkshire Regt
24
Cheshire Regt
19
Royal Irish Rifles
19
East Lancashire Regt
18
West Yorkshire Regt
18
East Surrey Regt
15
East Yorkshire Regt
14
Lancashire Fusiliers
12
Rifle Brigade
12
Dorsetshire Regt
10
Manchester Regt
10
Duke of Wellington’s – West Riding Regt
9
Gordon Highlanders
9
King’s Royal Rifle Corps
9
Sherwood Foresters – Notts & Derbys Regt
9
Border Regt
8
Cameron Highlanders
8
Machine Gun Corps (Inf)
8
Welsh Regt
8
Durham Light Inf
7
Essex Regt
7
Northumberland Fusiliers
7
Royal Engineers
7
South Staffordshire Regt
7
King’s Liverpool Regt
6
Middlesex Regt
6
Northamptonshire Regt
6
South Lancashire Regt
6
Army Service Corps
5
Highland Light Inf
5
Royal Army Medical Corps
5
Royal West Kent Regt – Queens Own
5
South Wales Borderers
5
Norfolk Regt
4
Seaforth Highlanders
4
Buffs – East Kent Regt
4
Yorkshire Regt – Green Howards
4
Army Cyclist Corps
3
King’s Own Yorkshire Light Inf
3
Lincolnshire Regt
3
North Staffordshire Regt
3
Royal Scots Fusiliers
3
5th Bn London Regt – London Rifle Brigade
2
Black Watch – Royal Highlanders
2
Duke of Cornwall’s Light Inf
2
King’s Own Scottish Borderers
2
Leicestershire Regt
2
Royal Flying Corps
2
Royal Scots – Lothian Regt
2
Royal Welsh Fusiliers
2
Suffolk Regt
2
Wiltshire Regt
2
York and Lancaster Regt
2
10th Hussars
1
Cambridgeshire Regt
1
Devonshire Regt
1
Dragoon Guards
1
Hampshire Regt
1
Inniskilling Dragoons
1
Kings Royal Rifle Corps
1
Prince Alberts Own Hussars
1
Identified burials
1,382
Unidentified UK burials:
1,023
Unidentified Australian burials:
259
Unidentified Canadian burials:
64
Wholly unidentified
7
Total Unidentified burials
1,353
Total burials
2,735

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